Palembert is found in the new Quercy phosphorites area (South west out of France) around the village of Caylus (Tarn-et-Garonne, France)

  • 6 August 2022
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Palembert is found in the new Quercy phosphorites area (South west out of France) around the village of Caylus (Tarn-et-Garonne, France)

Thing out of Palembert. You to left M2/ (Pal 21); you to definitely kept mandibular fragment that have Yards/step 3 (Buddy sixty); you to kept mandibular fragment which have M/2 and P/4 (Buddy 62); that best separated M/step three (Buddy 64).

To your distal region, the brand new talonid basin was buccolingually compressed and you may contains a small entoconid and you may a worn out hypoconid

Malfunction. The top dentition out of Palembertina deplasi the fall of. gen. late. sp. is just reported from the M2/ (Friend 21; Profile 2I-J, Figure 3C). They holds five main cusps. The newest paraconule is mesiolingual and you may holds an excellent preparacristula linking the latest preparacristyla; the fresh new metaconule try high and you will gift suggestions a short and you will continued premetacristula, in addition to a great postmetacristula joining the fresh new postmetacristyla; the brand new protocone does not have an effective crest that’s centrolingually positioned. The appearances are better-pronounced: the brand new buccal appearance are weakly crested with a loop-particularly and you will distally much more likely mesostyle; new lingual looks, distostyle and you will mediostyle, is remote and large. Eventually, the newest M2/ provides pronounced mesial and you may distal cingula.

The lower dentition out-of Palembertina deplasi aged P/cuatro and you will Meters/2, a complete, unworn M/step three, and a damaged Yards/3. The new crown regarding P/cuatro (Pal 62; Contour 2G-H) try short and you may slim and you can gift suggestions about three main cuspids: a big protoconid, metaconid, and you will paraconid. To your mesial an element of the enamel, brand new paraconid are somewhat more likely lingually. A great postprotoconulid is visible between your protoconid as well as the hypoconid. New morphology of your straight down molars is generally according to M/step 3 (Pal 60, Pal 64; Contour 2E-F, 2K, Profile 3d), by the bad preservation of one’s M/dos (Pal 62; Figure 2G-H). The low molars expose about three lingual cuspids: a great mesial metaconid, a sub-central metaconulid, and you will a distal entoconid. To your trigonid, the fresh new paraconid was quick, while the protoconid is quite lingual. Brand new talonid is highest having a little centroconulid near the metaconulid, and you may a great postendocentroconulid weakly longer distolingually. The fresh new metaconulid is actually higher, around the metaconid, while the mediocristid is actually quick. A giant valley can be obtained amongst the metaconulid and entoconid. The new entoconid have a circle-including profile that will be a little alot more distal compared to hypoconid. M/step 3 (Pal sixty, Buddy 64; Shape 2E-F, 2K, Profile 3d) establish a massive hypoconulid, basin-designed and distal for the entoconid. It links towards the remaining portion of the talonid by the prehypocristulid, and therefore matches this new posthypocristulid and you may postentocristulid. More over, the newest posthypocristulid are weakly pronounced and expanded lingually. Finally, the fresh mesial cingulid is actually high.

The fresh protoconid while the metaconid is actually alongside one another, this new protoconid becoming even more mesial than the metaconid

The brand new mandibular morphology away from Palembertina deplasi the fall of. gen. nov. sp. was reported on number of next premolar (Pal 62; Shape 2G-H) mesially, for the base of the mandibular angle (Pal 60; Profile 2E-F) distally. The new onceprofiel zoeken mandible (Friend 62) presents a primary diastema anywhere between P/dos and you may P/step three as well as 2 rational foramina towards the lateral ramus, you to definitely underneath the mesial section of P/dos and one beneath the mesial part of P/4 (Contour 2H). Brand new horizontal ramus is gracile, relatively superficial, and its height is rather lingering between your premolar area and you can the last molar. A broad pit can be found between your root of the ascending ramus therefore the distal margin out-of Meters/3 (Contour 2F). The newest angular apophysis isn’t kept however, is apparently medially inclined; it is mesially delimited by a superficial incisura vasorum (Buddy sixty).

Comments. Gervais (1852) erected the newest species Cainotherium courtoisii, and Stehlin (1906) after that place they regarding genus Oxacron. Gervais (1852) described and you will thought the brand new species based on the small-sized cainotheriids specimens from Los angeles Debruge however, didn’t define a beneficial holotype. According to the International Password regarding Zoological Nomenclature, the name Oxacron courtoisii can be acquired however valid; therefore, we define right here a lectotype and you may an effective paralectotype to have Oxacron courtoisii, comparable to the materials away from La Debruge originally realized from the Gervais (1852): leftover mandibular fragment that have P/step three-M/step three (dish XXXV, fig. 4) into lectotype; left maxillary fragment which have P4/-M3/ (plate XXXIV, fig. 6) into the paralectotype.